The cougar (Puma concolor), also commonly known as the mountain lion, puma, panther, or catamount, is a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas. Its range, from the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes of South America, is the most widespread of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western. A cougar is a large cat species. Cougar, The Cougar, Cougars or The Cougars may also refer to: Contents. [hide]. 1 Bands; 2 Characters; 3 Computing; 4 People ; 5 Places; 6 Sports teams; 7 Television; 8 Transport. Airplanes; Automobiles; Fighting vehicles; Helicopters; Mass transportation; Ships; 13 Mar In "The Cougar Almanac: A Complete Natural History of the Mountain Lion," Robert H. Busch lays out the derivation of the puma's two best-known names, both of which have their roots in South America. In the 19th century, a French naturalist conjoined two indigenous names for the jaguar -- which widely.